Simplified explanation of the function of the core parts of the internal combustion engine:
1 – cylinder Cylinder:
Is the main part of the engine which is filled of air and fuel (in the case of burner motors) that burns inside to get the thermal energy that converts into mechanical energy through the movement of the piston inside the cylinder as a result of high pressure that accompanies the ignition of fuel.
2 – Piston Piston:
Moves inside the cylinder reciprocating movement from top to bottom and from bottom to the top of the cargo and suck pressure and then transfer the pressure resulting from the combustion facility to a column (by connecting rod) and then expel the exhaust.
3 – propeller shaft Connecting Rod:
Column pressing up the facility and converts the movement of the piston straight hesitant to annex the circular movement of a column.
4 – crankshaft Crank Shaft:
Function convert reciprocating motion of the piston and transferred to it by the propeller shaft to spin the wheels to way through the flywheel and transmission.
5 – Flywheel Fly wheel:
Function part of the energy gained from the operation and use half the run-stroke crankshaft in other non-effective to work on a regular rotation of the engine.
6 – cylinder head (cover cylinders Cylinder Head):
Is a cover covering the cylinder from the top to prevent the escape of pressure and contains a combustion chamber and the holes connect pipes drag-and-exhaust pipes.
7 – combustion chamber Combustion Chamber:
Space trapped between the piston when at the end of half the top and bottom surface of the cylinder head combustion chamber is called a space where the burning fuel and the gas expands as it turns thermal energy of fuel into mechanical energy.
8 – Valves Valves:
Function to control the entry of cargo to the cylinder and exit of gases, including waste and often have valves per cylinder, one to enter the cargo and the second to exit the exhaust.
9 – Camshaft Cam Shaft:
Is a column that holds a number of cams per cylinder to open and close the intake valves and exhaust at the correct time and also run the pump oil and gasoline pump and distributor management sparks.